Singapore Lianhe Zaobao recently reported: After years of efforts, China has made remarkable achievements in the development of renewable energy and has become the world's largest producer and consumer of renewable energy. And its renewable energy development has entered the stage of large-scale incremental replacement and regional stock substitution.
China Renewable Energy Engineering Institute released its "China renewable energy development report of 2016" on October 17 in Beijing. Zheng Shengan, president of the Renewable Energy Engineering Institute, said that in the future, China's focus on renewable energy development will change from "bigger scale" to "higher quality and better efficiency". The renewable energy development report predicts that in the middle and later stages of the "Thirteenth Five-year Plan", renewable energy in China will maintain steady development with mid- to-high growth rate. In particular, China is expecting steady and orderly progress in the hydropower sector, steady growth at medium speed in wind power, rather rapid growth in photovoltaic power and diversified utilization of biomass energy as well as the completion of initial large-scale piloting projects in the fields of photo-thermal power generation, geothermal and other new forms of renewable energy.
"It is expected that, by 2020, the installed capacity of hydropower, wind power, photovoltaic power and biomass power in China will exceed 380, 230, 160 and 15 million kilowatts respectively, with non-fossil energy accounting for at least 15% of primary energy consumption in the country." said Zheng Shengan.
In the hydropower sector, a batch of large-scale and super-huge conventional hydropower plants will begin construction and be put into operation in the middle and later stages of the "Thirteenth Five-year Plan" period. The construction of pumped storage power stations has entered a stage of rapid development with growth rate reaching a record high. Currently, China's hydropower construction is concentrated in the waterways of Jinsha River, Dadu River, Yalong River, the upper reaches of the Yellow River and Hongshui River; its major newly projects are located places such as Baihetan beach of Jinsha River, Batang, Lava, Wujiang Baima, Zhala etc. It is also preparing to construct a number of pumping power plants in places such as Ninghai of Zhejiang Province, Pingjiang of Hunan Province, Zhirui of Inner Mongolia etc. All in all, China is gradually establishing its water energy utilization and integrated river basin monitoring system.
In the wind power sector, due to the effect of wind curtailment, it is estimated that the development of newly-added wind power plants in Northeast China, North China and Northwest China will maintain a relatively low level of growth in 2017 and 2018. At the same time, most of China's wind power development will occur in the mountains in its mid-east regions and over the sea in the middle and later stages of the "Thirteenth Five-year Plan". Through such development, the utilization hours of low-speed wind power in the central and eastern regions are expected to exceed 2000 hours, and relevant layout optimization can help reduce national total wind abandoning rate to 10%. Offshore wind power is expected to usher in a period of rapid development, with the scale of new development and construction in this sector being expected to exceed 10 million kilowatts while China gradually elevates its capacity in the planning, design, construction, operation and maintenance of offshore wind power facilities.
In terms of photovoltaic power, with the promotion and establishment of bases for application and technology leaders, China is expecting gradually improved production capacity of high efficiency PV components, successive large-scale applications of double-sided power generation, N-type battery and other new technologies. By significantly improving the efficiency of the photovoltaic systems, China hopes to greatly reduce the power generation costs in this sector and it is expected that PV users can enjoy a rather rational PV power rate by 2020. After price cuts in the period from 2018 to 2019, China's distributed photovoltaic power generation will enter a steady development stage and become the dominate form of PV construction in its mid-east regions. Various types of "PV + " modes such as "PV + Framing", "PV + Fishing" and "PV + forestry" ect. are expected to enjoy large-scale application in the eastern regions of China.
In terms of policy, with the gradual deepening of the revolution in energy production and consumption as well as the power market reform, China will conduct explore new ways and make adjustments to develop policies that are more suitable to the market-oriented reform then the rather rigid policies currently in force (such as the fixed electricity prices and the fully guaranteed acquisition). The new market-based systems such as green electricity certificate trading system, competitive resource allocation and CFD etc. are expected to be implemented in phases. The electricity spot market, power auxiliary service market and other market models that better reflects the market supply and demand will also be further explored and practiced. In a overall sense, the development of industrial policies and market orientation in China's renewable energy sector will be conducted in a more coordinated manner.