Nowadays, low-carbon city has become the common pursuit all over the world. To realize the economic development process and the harmonious coexistence between man and nature at the minimum cost is both the vision of the times and the realistic pursuit. The concept of Shenzhen “Low-Carbon City” is one of the excellent blueprints for realizing new urban development and real estate development in the future.
In recent years, as the traditional mode of single housing development is faced with operation difficulties, the pension real estate has become the new direction to which numerous real estate enterprises have transformed their development. However, the practice targeted at the pension real estate currently remains at the exploratory stage and hasn’t formed the mature business mode that can be copied nationwide. Therefore, it is of realistic significance to explore the business mode of pension real estate suitable for the Chinese conditions and market demands.
Nowadays, China has slowly stepped into the road of population aging. In recent ten years, the populations aged 65 and above have been increasingly in China, the population bonus has gradually disappeared, and the seriousness and necessity of the elderly-care problem has already emerged. According to the data, the per capita boundary from early development to rapid development of the pension industry is US$10, 000 in developed countries. By the end of 2016, China’s per capita GDP had reached about US$8865, which was just one step away from the rapid development stage of the pension industry in developed countries. Meanwhile, the livable real estate development for the elderly that matches with China’s national conditions is still at the initial stage. The insiders point it out that the current housing design, whether professionally or functionally, hasn’t made changes adaptive to the elderly. The consumption decision makers in the families often focus on the demands of children but neglect those of the elderly. So, with the increasing deepening of the aging level, the pension real estate has begun to become the focus of people’s concern in China.
By the end of the 20th century, in addition to Japan which had already entered the aging society, the United States and other industrial countries as well as the developing countries had all begun to be faced with the severe challenges of population aging. Population aging has brought many challenges to the society, and the most remarkable ones are the housing and traffic problems. Next to them are the medical and environmental problems. Therefore, the establishment of livable aging communities has come into the vision of the public.
What is a livable aging community? It should first conform to the needs of the elderly for their walking range, i.e. the distance from their domiciles to the medical and other service facilities and to the shop, vegetable market and other commercial facilities shouldn’t exceed 805 meters (5-10 minutes). At the same time, in the living environment, it should have such conditions as clean air, fresh greening and sufficient natural landscapes. It needs to be noted that the MOHURD issued the 13th Five-Year Plan for the Development of the Building Industry in 2015, which proposed the specific requirements for the development goals of building energy efficiency and green buildings.
Satisfying the needs of livable aging communities and also taking into consideration the green and sustainable development of real estate, the combination of the “low-carbon city” concept with livable pension real estate has become the new thinking of new-type real estate development.
According to the experts, the scale of China’s green building market is currently as high as RMB15 trillion. Under the background of the real estate industry stepping into the “silver age”, to develop green buildings is a rare opportunity for many real estate enterprises. Meanwhile, with the continuous promotion of the urbanization process in China, the pension real estate in the cities will be the new trends of real estate development. The pension real estate will be more based on the big cities of China. On the one hand, cities have more perfect infrastructure and more convenient traffic and medical systems, and the elderly can more easily get social care and families’ company in their later years; on the other hand, cities are still the preferential choice for the projects of real estate development.
According to the requirements for the future city development in China, it is inevitable to construct green cities and green buildings. And the “low-carbon city” pension real estate development, which combines the low-carbon concept with green and environmental protection, will be one of the new ideas. The reference value the “low-carbon city” lies in that it can make the buildings “breathe’ so that the really livable “green” pension buildings can be constructed in the city cluster. For the pension real estate industry, the environmental resources are the foundation. By forging the livable environment with “agreeable landscapes”, the “low-carbon city” can make the elderly live a more pleasant life. The combination of green buildings with elderly care is also the combination of international form with China’s national conditions and is a kind of fusion between ecological construction and the pension industry. The green pension buildings can better make the elderly live in comfort for long, so in the long run, they have certain advantages in economic, environmental and social benefits.
At the same time, the concept of “low-carbon city” is not only the green and low carbon of environment but also the application of the latest science and technology. It carries the achievements of the new-type intelligent pension industry and accomplishes the dual-core construction of livable environment and intelligent pension system.
Zhang Kongjuan and Chen Yunlei with China Economic Times—China Economic News Network