Shenzhen’s economic development currently presents four advantages including the optimization of energy structure and the stress on innovation-driven economy, which will propel the sustainable, green and low-carbon development of Shenzhen’s economy, according to Wu You, vice secretary general of Shenzhen Municipal Government and secretary general of the organizing committee of Shenzhen International Low Carbon City Forum at the press conference for the low-carbon forum Aug. 24.
Five of the investment guidance funds of Shenzhen Municipal Government have invested in energy saving, environmental protection and low carbon industries. Last year, the city’s new energy, energy saving and environmental protection industries recorded an output value of 324.8 billion yuan (US$49.8 billion).
According to Wu, Shenzhen has for a long time stressed the optimization of energy structure, constructed a low-carbon and efficient energy system, reduced the use of chemical energy, and lowered the proportion of coal power, petroleum and coal in energy consumption. Over the years, the proportion of coal and petroleum has been continuously dropping and that of clean energies steadily increasing. Compared with 2010, the proportion of clean energies increased 9.4 percent in 2016.
Shenzhen has promoted innovation-driven development and constantly enhanced the scientific level of green and low-carbon development. In the field of energy saving and environmental protection, Shenzhen has laid emphasis on improving the innovation capability in recent years, fostered various innovative carriers, enhanced the innovation capability of enterprises and promoted the development of green and low-carbon industries. By the end of 2016, the city had accumulatively built 109 carriers and platforms of various kinds, including engineering laboratories, key laboratories and public technical service platforms in energy saving, environmental protection and low-carbon fields, and most of such innovative carriers were built in enterprises. The enterprises with the output value of more than 100 million yuan in the aforesaid fields have obtained 32396 patent authorizations.
Shenzhen has stressed government guidance and promoted the policy systems of green and low-carbon development. It has formulated and issued the local regulations and rules such as Some Regulations of Shenzhen Special Economic Zone on the Management of Carbon Emissions and the Interim Measures of Shenzhen for the Management of Carbon Emission Right Trading, and has taken the lead in carrying out the trading of carbon emission rights in the country. Besides, it has also set up the special support funds for strategic emerging industries and future industries.
Shenzhen has seven strategic emerging industries and five future industries, in which up to 5 billion yuan of municipal financial funds are invested each year, including the special funds for the development of new energy, energy saving and environmental protection industries. Besides, the city has also set up special funds for circular economy and energy saving and emission reduction. Through constant promotion and development, the industries of new energy, energy saving and environmental protection recorded an output value of 324.8 billion yuan in 2016. Moreover, Shenzhen has promoted the development of green finance. Five of the sub-funds approved by the Municipal Government’s Investment Guidance Fund have taken energy saving, environmental protection and low carbon as their main investment fields, and their total scale has reached nearly 4 billion yuan. The city also issued the Measures of Shenzhen for Promoting Green Buildings, China’s first government regulation on promoting the all-round development of green buildings. Besides, Shenzhen ranks on the front among China’s big cities in the area of green buildings. Another highlight is our promotion of the use of new-energy vehicles. To date, it had accumulatively popularized the use of nearly 80,000 new-energy vehicles, including both big and small ones. By the end of this year, all the buses used in Shenzhen will be purely electric, which is rarely seen even in the world.
In recent years, Shenzhen has strengthened the cooperation with international organizations in the field of climate change. With the support of the World Bank, Global Environmental Facility and World Wildlife Fund, it has conducted the research on Shenzhen’s actions in response to climate change which has further enhanced its ability of research on such topic. In the country, the city has taken the lead in joining the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group and has twice obtained the C40 City Award. On top of that, it has planned and constructed the Shenzhen International Low Carbon City to gather advanced low-carbon technologies from home and abroad and demonstrate the way of low-carbon production and living and the mode of city construction and operation. The project has become the flagship project for the China-Europe sustainable urbanization cooperation and obtained the “2014 Prize for Cities of the Future” granted by Paulsen Institute and China Center for International Economic Exchanges.